A concise document that individuals use in the presentation of their job backgrounds, i.e., job experience and the skills they possess, more so when trying to secure new employment is a resume. The resume is the most common document that employers request of applicants in numerous job applications. It has one, at most two pages, which are of size A4 and includes a bulleted list of the necessary information.  This document highlights the experiences, attributes, and qualification that the person job-hunting sees as relevant to an employment position he or she desires in a company that has a vacancy.

However, this is not the only purpose of this document, but it is the most often application for it. Usually, a resume has a summary of the pertinent job experience and a history of the applicant’s education. Job seekers regularly send resumes with cover letter attachments, when applying for job opportunities, to employers for easier screening. If an employer likes an applicant’s resume, then the employer can schedule an interview with the interviewee. A resume is more like a curriculum vitae (CV) only that the resume is considerably shorter and contains less detail, i.e., is concise.

Resume Types

There are four types of Resumes from which to pick, these are chronological, functional, combination, and targeted resumes. First is the very basic chronological resume. This resume type is the traditional resume format, and most employers are familiar with it. This resume type lists an individual’s work history starting with the most recent job positions and posts the first internship. It is ideal for people who desire to stay in the same line of work and the same level of employment.

Then there is the functional resume. This resume format brings front and center what the person who is writing the resume excels. It highlights an individual’s skill set rather than their chronological history in the job field. It is applicable where an individual has a gap in their career and also ideal for people looking to change their career paths. It does so by emphasizing on the individual’s abilities and capabilities about the available vacancy rather than job titles.

Thirdly, the targeted resume puts focus on a particular job opportunity. Individuals write these resume to emphasize on skill and job experience that apply to a specific position. Each job opportunity requires an applicant to edit the resume to match its specification. Writing a targeted resume is time consuming but aligns the specification to the slot’s requirements.

A combination resume is the fourth and last type of resume. The combination resume is specifically for people who have quite a load experience in their area of expertise or those looking to venture into new fields and industries. It is also ideal for people applying for job opportunities that require technical skills and expertise. It emphasizes heavily on the applicant’s specialization and abilities much like the functional resume.

How to Write a Resume

When writing any resume, there are a few pointers to keep you on the right track to a successful document.

First and foremost, hiring managers do not want to struggle when reading a resume. Therefore, anyone writing a resume should write it in a legible font that is reasonable in size and easy to read. Also, include enough white space between lines to make it easy for managers scanning your resume to pick out keywords, job titles, and relevant information.

When you are applying for a particular position in a specific field, it is of utmost importance that you write a resume that matches that distinct post, i.e., be relevant. Include only the education history, skills and work experience that relate to that precise industry. Sending an ambiguous resume may lower your chances of qualifying the screening phase since the resume is vague and might leave out essential information relevant to the job description.

Also, select a resume format that matches the field that you are applying. You can choose to use functional, chronological, targeted, or combination format of the resume. Various companies desire diverse resume forms. However, the chronological resume format is most common since most employers are familiar with it and it lists an individual’s work history starting with the most recent positions and posts.

You can fine-tune your resume for both humans and robots. Some companies apply artificial intelligence (AI) to sieve through applicants. This tuning includes proofreading to ascertain there are no spelling and grammatical errors in the document. Include keywords from the job description either as subtitles or in the bulleted lists when you are describing your skill set. These inclusions will show the employer that you qualify for the job.

Be careful to use normal and straightforward grammar. Using overly fancy words might confuse the employers or sound absurd which can minimize the chances of your selection.

Finally, remember to include your current contact information, more especially working email address and an active mobile phone number just in case your application qualifies.